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Frequently Asked Question: How do I get a copy of these out-of-print books?

Answer: Try local libraries, used book stores and antique shops. Also try the on-line auction services at Ebay,, and Yahoo... particularly Ebay. Sooner or later, just about everything shows up for sale on Ebay or its companion site allows you to "preorder" a used copy of any book in its massive listing. IHS is not a source of these books unless otherwise noted.

Vellinga, Ray, Hydrofoils: Design, Build, Fly. 2010 Peacock Hill Press, Available for $20 - $30 through

This is a book on how to design, build, and fly hydrofoil boats. It begins with the history and theory of hydrofoils, and continues with an explanation of flight characteristics, such as; stability, control, lift, drag, cavitation, and ventilation. Foil configurations, weight and balance, flying height, and roll management are covered as well as calculations of stress, hull configuration, and wing sizing. One section demonstrates methods for comparing designs, and explores specific design ideas for motorized, human powered, and sail powered hydrofoils. Piloting and trouble shooting are followed by a bibliography and index. This very complete 265 page book includes over 270 illustrations, charts and tables on the subject of creating hydrofoil boats. Because hydrofoils fly like airplanes, except in a denser fluid, the book's subject could be described as aerodynamics adapted to hydrofoils. It is the best book available for hydrofoil enthusiasts. There is no other book like it.

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Matveev Konstantin He has recently co-authored, with V. Dubrovsky and S. Sutulo, the book Small Waterplane Area Ships. In particular, he wrote a section on hydrofoils that provides simplified engineering methods for calculating lift and drag of low and high aspect ratio foils (including free surface effects), cavitation onset, vortex wash and wake behind a foil, and unsteady effects. Appendix G is on dynamic unloading and foil design, More information about this book and ordering information can be found at the Backbone Publishing web-site (070418 wnw)

Parkin, J. H., Bell and Baldwin: Their Development of Aerodromes and Hydrodromes at Baddeck, Mova Scotia, University of Toronto Press 1964. Contains historical description and photographs of the Bell/Baldwin Hydrodromes HD-1 through HD-4. This book also describes the continuation of the HD series, starting with HD-7, by "Casey" Baldwin after Bell's death and after the failure to interest the Navy in towed hydrofoil targets. According to the book, several hypothetical designs were developed over the years, HD-7 through HD- 20, but only HD-12, a 30-foot runabout, and HD-13, an outboard motor hydrofoil boat, were actually built, both in 1928. Other hydrofoil topics include use of foils on seaplane landing gear dating back to 1908; renewed efforts on hydrofoil targets 1940-43, including both towed and self-propelled, radio controlled versions; and a hydrofoil smoke-laying craft designed to replace aircraft for performing this function to shield troop landings from the sea.

Hatcher, Vic; Australian Ships, Published by Rigby Limited, Australia (Rigby Opal Books), first published in 1974. ISBN 0 85179 745 8. This short, 30-page children's book with text and illustrations by Vic Hatcher covers thirteen nautical themes, one of which is hydrofoils. A page of text is allocated to hydrofoils and hovercraft, and the cover illustration of the 140 passenger PT 50 hydrofoil FAIRLIGHT is again repeated in that section of the book.

Ewart, W. D., Hydroplanes and Hovercraft, Illustrated by Kenneth M. Sibley, The Mechanical Age Library series, Frederick Muller LTD London 1962. "This book is about the hydrofoil and the hovercraft and describes in nontechnical language how each type of craft is designed and operated."

Cagle, RADM Malcom W., USN, Flying Ships: Hovercraft and Hydrofoils, Dodd, Mead & Co. New York, 1970. "This book is written to explain the potential and promise of ships that fly -- the special effects ships, hovercraft, air cushion vehicles, hydrofoils, and captured air bubble craft which will play an increasingly important role in the field of ocean travel and transportation, sporting, and naval affairs over the next quarter century. It is particularly directed to those young people who are at the point of choosing their career and life's work."

McLeavy, Roy, Hovercraft & Hydrofoils, Arco Color Series Guide (1977), Paperbound 7.5" by 5.25." 200+ pages. (Also Blandford Colour Series, 1976) Almost 80 glossy pages in full color show illustrations of all sorts of craft, including theory and operation. Covers personal watercraft, commercial vessels, and military ships and craft. From Chapter 4, Ships That Fly: "Despite the undoubted success of the Supramar PT 10 FRECCIA d'ORO on Lake Maggiore in 1953, the great majority of shipping companies argued fiercely against the idea of introducing hydrofoils on their own ferry services. It took von Schertel and the indefatigable Rodriquez five years of sales tours, lectures, and route presentations before shipowners began to forget their deep-rooted prejudices against 'novel craft.' Representing a complete breakaway from the traditional passenger ferry, the hydrofoils proved an instant success wherever they were introduced." Also published in Russian: Roy Maklivi. Suda NA podvodnykh krylyakh i vozdushnoy podushke. L., Sudostroyenie, 1981

Wood, L. Ashwell, Inside Information on Naval Ships, Benwig Books 1970, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UK. Hardback 20 x 15 cms; 20 pages, illustrated throughout with black-and-white illustrations and cutaway drawings. Leslie Ashwell Wood is a technical artist known for his educational cutaway drawings in a popular boys' paper (The Eagle). Book includes cutaway and labeled drawings of Guided Missile Destroyer (County Class HMS London), Polaris Nuclear Submarine (HMS Renown), Helicopter Carrier (Soviet `Moskva'), Assault Ship (HMS Intrepid), Aircraft Carrier (HMS Ark Royal), Hydrofoil Patrol Boat (USS High Point), Helicopter Cruiser (HMS Blake), Biggest Aircraft Carrier (USS Enterprise), Fast Torpedo Boat (HMS Brave Swordsman - see book cover) and a look at a Guided Missile Cruiser `of the future.'

Gunston, Bill, Hydrofoils and Hovercraft, New Vehicles For Sea and Land, 1970, Doubleday & Company, the Doubleday Science series. Illustrated with many color photographs and diagrams. Hydrofoil-specific chapters cover both hydrofoil principles and achievements. Topics covered under Principles include How a Hydrofoil Works, Surface-Piercing Foils, Air Stabilization, Submerged Foils, Cavitation, Propulsion, Structure and Materials. In the Achievements Chapter are photos and descriptions of contemporary hydrofoils around the world ranging from the small (hydrofoil-supported water skis, Renato Castillani's 1-person hydrofoil, and Anglian Development's Hi-Foil 2), to medium (SEA RANGER), to large (a full range of military and commercial vessels). A "World Table of Principal Hydrofoils" has such interesting "sport" entries as Water Spyder 2-B (Canada), Eidai YODO-14 and YODO-16 (Japan), WS-4 Amor (Poloand), Molnya and Volga (Russia), as well as many commercial and military vessels from around the world.

Watts, Anthony, A Source Book of Hydrofoils and Hovercraft, Ward Lock Ltd of London 1978, hardback measuring 6.5 x 4.5 inches - 127 pages fully illustrated in black and white. Notes from the book: "This Source Book describes briefly and in straightforward terms the history and development of the hovercraft and hydrofoil. Some of the earliest designs are described and illustrated as well as exciting future developments which might one day replace the conventional ship as an ocean-going form of transport. Over fifty of the most important types of hovercraft and hydrofoil are illustrated with drawings and photographs. The illustrations are accompanied by a brief description and the main technical specifications. Anthony Watts is a well-known naval author, having written over a dozen books, including A Source Book of Submarines and Submersibles. He is also a contributor to a number of naval journals. The jacket picture, reproduced by courtesy of the British Hovercraft Corporation Limited, shows a SR. N4 Mk 2 hovercraft en route from Ramsgate to Calais."

Anderson, Dr. Donald, "Hydrofoils and Hovercraft," Ships Annual 1967, , W. Paul Clegg, editor, Ian Allen Ltd.,  London, publisher. pp 10 -14. Ships Annual is a companion to the monthly magazine Ships Illustrated, "The first really national magazine devoted to the needs of ship lovers and enthusiasts." This article is mostly devoted to hovercraft. It has two hydrofoil photographs, of ALBATROS on Lake Geneva and CONDOR I, "the first hydrofoil to operate in Channel Island waters." Excerpt: "...[hydrofoils] have proved particularly useful in Scandinavian waters where they can provide rapid links by sea between towns which are separated by long and arduous road routes. One such service operates between Bergen and Stavanger."

Jane's Pocket Book 21 - Hovercraft and Hydrofoils, Edited by Roy McLeavy. Published by Jane's Publishing Company, London. First published 1980. ISBN 0 354 01213 4 (cased), ISBN 0 354 01212 6 (PVC). This 255 page book of approximately 18x12cm size covers a large range of hydrofoil and hovercraft types. Each type is described in one page with a black and white photo on the accompanying page. This is essentially a trimmed down ready reference pocket sized version of the Jane's Surface Skimmers yearbook.

Jane's Surface Skimmers - Hovercraft and Hydrofoils - 1978, Edited by Roy McLeavy. Published by Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Limited, London. ISBN 0 354 00554 5. The cover illustration is for the eleventh edition of this yearbook which was first published in 1967-68. This 408 page book of approximately 22x33cm size covers a large range of hydrofoil and hovercraft types of the time, both civil and military, as well as monorail / magnetic levitation trains and air cushion pallet and conveyor systems. Power plants suitable for such craft are also covered in the book. This is one of the most comprehensive sources of data for the various hydrofoils that have been built over the years. The information is updated annually and identifies hydrofoils currently in production. The yearbook for a time was published as Jane's High-Speed Marine Craft but is now published as Jane's High-Speed Marine Transportation and while it no longer covers land based systems or military craft, it instead includes high speed monohulls, catamarans, SWATH, and other types giving it complete coverage of this sector. To obtain information on hydrofoils that are out of production, it is necessary to refer to an edition from an appropriate year. For current military hydrofoils, refer to Jane's Fighting Ships.

Meyer, John R., Jr., Ships That Fly. 252 pages. Self Published 2004. The author is President of the International Hydrofoil Society. This is the story of the modern hydrofoil on a CD. The story covers the early days of hydrofoil inventors and experimenters, and takes the reader through over 170 pictures and illustrations of hydrofoils leading to those of recent years. The book starts a relatively small number of the host of early inventors and experimenters who provided the foundation for later work. Then came the creative Italians who reduced their patented ideas to practice. Next: the highly respected work of Alexander Graham Bell, several Americans, and of course the German contributions of von Schertel and Tietjens. During the 1950s, which has been called the "Decade of Experimental Progress", a large number of hydrofoil craft were built. For the high speeds of 80 to 100 knots that were envisioned by the more aggressive hydrofoilers at that time, it was necessary to expand the technical data base, and hence, several large scale test vehicles were built. The product of this technical information was an aggressive U.S. Navy program starting in the 1960s with the development of four hydrofoils, namely: HIGH POINT, FLAGSTAFF, TUCUMCARI, and PLAINVIEW. Simultaneously the Canadians and Europeans proceeded with hydrofoil developments, although along completely different lines than the U.S. Navy. Culmination of the U.S. Navy developments was the Navy Fleet hydrofoil - the PHM - which occupies a special place not only in this book, but in the hearts and minds of so many of the hydrofoilers in this country. PHM's history with its early connection to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the program's subsequent trials and tribulations, and formation of a Squadron of six hydrofoils at Key West, Florida, is an important part of the modern hydrofoil era. For the technically inclined reader, the chapter on why and how hydrofoils fly will be of particular interest. Then too, after you lift the hull out of the water, how do you stabilize, power, maneuver and control such a craft so it doesn't crash into waves rather than glide gently above the waves? Answers to these questions and an Appendix containing sketches and drawings of many hydrofoils described rounds out the technical aspects of the book. There are thousands of hydrofoils in operation around the world, except for the United States. These craft, and the dearth of same in the U.S. are described and explained. And of course, everyone wants to know about the future - what's next? The author humbly provides his version of the hydrofoil crystal ball.

More information about this book and ordering information can be found at John's web-site (110504 wnw)

Hook, Christopher and Kermode, A.C., Hydrofoils - Without Formulae Series (No. 16?), Pitman Paperbacks, Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Limited, London, 1967. A 252 page book in a compact paperback novel size. As the title suggests, this book is written in a manner that is easy to follow without getting into the mathematics. The coverage of hydrofoil design features is quite broad, however the book concentrates on resistance of hydrofoils and means of ensuring their stability and smooth ride in waves. One of the authors, Christopher Hook was an early advocate of fully submerged hydrofoil designs and without the benefit of sophisticated electronic autopilot systems, he developed a system of mechanical surface sensors for control of the attitude of such craft. This aspect is covered fairly well in the book. The book is illustrated with a number of sketches, diagrams, and graphs and also includes black and white photos of early experimental hydrofoils as well as military and commercial hydrofoils that had been built at the time the book was published.

Teale, John, Fast Boats, one of a series of books for yachtsmen published by Temple Press, London in the 1960'. This book, published in 1964, and measuring 14 x 22 cm, with 116 pages, is devoted entirely to small high-speed craft and power boats. It surveys the great variety of possible hull shapes and demonstrates their particular advantages and disadvantages by analyzing representative craft built to these varying designs. The book deals with racing dinghies, hard-chine power boats, sea-sleds, hydrofoils, catamarans and trimarans.

Carse, Robert, Ocean Challenge - The New U.S. Merchant Marine, W.W. Norton & Co. New York 1967. B&W photos. See Chapter 8 for information on Advanced Marine Vehicles, including hydrofoils. From the text: "... ALBATROSS and the rest of the fleet continue to render steady service. They made more than 10,000 World's Fair trips, carried over 850,000 passengers, and never missed a trip. The fleet captains have become famous for their skill in navigating the debris-strewn East River and the tricky currents of Hell Gate." Other hydrofoils discussed briefly in this chapter include USS PLAINVIEW and LITTLE SQUIRT.

King, H.F., Aeromarine Origins, The Beginnings of Marine Aircraft, Winged Hulls, Air-cushion and Air-Lubricated Craft, Planing Boats and Hydrofoils, Putnam and Company Ltd (London), Aero Publishers, Inc. (Fallbrook CA, USA). Library of Congress Catalog No. 66-20105, 1966. H. F. King was formerly editor of Flight International and Air-Cushion Vehicles. "...stimulated by work in Italy, Lt C. D. Burney, RN, persuaded the British and Colonial Aeroplane Co. Ltd. to undertake a design and development programme for aircraft having hydrofoil undercarriages. The first design, the X.1, was for a biplane; but this was abandoned. The X.2 was a monoplane with a boat hull which, after various trials and modification, succeeded in becoming airborne. Unhappily it crashed almost immediately, owing to the premature slipping of the tow from a Naval torpedo boat. The X.3 was larger and more refined, but never became airborne. In June 1914 it was taxied into a hidden sandbank and, following withdrawal of Admiralty support, the experiments were discontinued..." Many other pioneering hydrofoil applications are discussed, most with contemporary drawings or photos, including: early (1907) Wright brothers experiments with hydrofoils for their aircraft on Miami River in Dayton, Ohio; several schemes for hydrofoils on seaplanes by Guidoni after 1910; Glenn Curtiss's successful Jan 26,1911 take-off from water with his aircraft fitted with a forward-mounted 6-foot hydrofoil; Commander Oliver Schwann's AVRO fitted with several different sets of floats and employing hydrofoils, first successfully leaving the water in 1911; the FLYING FISH, built by the Michigan Steel Boat Co in 1991, which flew with its tail in the water (a hydrofoil was mounted under the metal hull); early experiments in varying the draught of ships and improving ride (minimizing tendency to roll) using adjustable fins on each side of the vessel by G.W. Napier; a model craft with adjustable foils constructed in 1895, and an "air cushion hydrofoil constructed in 1904, both by Frenchman Clement Ader; a steam-powered hydrofoil tested by the Comte de Lambert in 1897; the Enrico Forlanini hydrofoil boat of 1906; the hydrofoil boat of Crocco and Ricaldoni of 1907; William M. Meacham's hydrofoil experiments in 1897, and his competition with S. A. Reeve for the patent; the 1907 hydrofoil craft of Alberto Santos-Dumont, and the 1907 hydrofoil craft built and tested by Peter Cooper Hewitt, the American inventor of the mercury-vapor lamp; and finally, Sir John Thornycroft's 1909 MIRANDA III, which used the mudguard principle.

Wheeler, Raymond L.; From River to Sea - The Marine Heritage of Sam Saunders, Cross Publishing, Newport, Isle of Wight, UK, 1993. ISBN 1 873295 05 7 (Hardback). As the name of the book suggests, it deals primarily with the maritime activities of the companies that had their origins with Sam Saunders. This is the second of two closely related books, the first having been titled From Sea to Air - The Heritage of Sam Saunders and jointly authored with Albert E. Tagg. While the first book concentrated mainly on the aviation history of the company principally known as Saunders Roe, From River to Sea looks more closely at the boats, hydrofoils and hovercraft that were developed by that company and its successors. Apart from the wealth of information, photos and sketches concerning the development of the hovercraft from the SRN1 through to the SRN4, this book also deals with the briefer period of hydrofoil development work by the Saunders Roe company in support of the Canadian naval hydrofoil program. This led to the construction in 1956/57 of the 59 foot long hydrofoil vessel R-103 Bras D'Or which was equipped with ladder foils. The Bras D'Or was subsequently re-named Baddeck in 1962 in anticipation of the construction of the proposed larger FHE-400 which was to be given the name Bras D'Or. The development of the FHE-400 is covered in the book The Flying 400 - Canada's Hydrofoil Project by Thomas G. Lynch. The author of From River to Sea joined Saunders Roe in 1945 as an apprentice and by 1962 had been appointed as the Chief Designer of British Hovercraft Corporation Ltd.

Lynch, Thomas G., The Flying 400 - Canada's Hydrofoil Project, Nimbus Publishing Limited, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1983, ISBN 0-920852-22-X. A 128 page book tracing the history of the Canadian naval hydrofoil development program culminating in the development of HMCS BRAS d'OR (FHE-400). The hydrofoil was developed mainly for the role of Anti Submarine Warfare (ASW) however the Canadian hydrofoil program was eventually cancelled. The book is illustrated with a number of black and white photos and drawings of HMCS BRAS d'OR and smaller developmental hydrofoils produced as part of the Canadian naval hydrofoil development program (there are not enough dimensions on the drawings for modeling purposes). The book also provides technical details of those hydrofoils and concludes with an overview of other naval hydrofoils.

Mallan, Lloyd, The Complete Book of Kit Boats, The Bobbs-Merrill Co., Inc., 1955, Maco Magazine Corp. "You can have any boat you want at 1/3 the cost by assembling it yourself ." Photos and drawings of various boats, but no complete plans; gives times to build. Book measures 6-3/4" x 9 1/2". 145 pages. Contains a two page description and photos of an add-on hydrofoil kit for motorboats offered by Baker Manufacturing Co. "The hydrofoils are designed so that they can be simply extended into the water or folded up out of use along the sides of the boat, merely by turning a crank. They are not readily detachable, but this is seldom desired... The Office of Naval Research has stimulated a great amount of interest in [hydrofoils] by boating enthusiasts. It has also done much to popularize the Baker hydrofoil in kit form, a direct result of the Navy experiments."

Hynds, Paul; Worldwide High Speed Ferries, Conway Maritime Press Limited, London, 1992. ISBN 0 85177 587 X. An up to date review of the craft types that are in operation as high speed ferries around the world. The book includes numerous general arrangement drawings and black and white photographs of different ferry types covering monohulls, catamarans, hovercraft, surface effect ships, hydrofoils and SWATH craft. A listing of worldwide high speed ferry operators at the time is included as an appendix with the names of the craft operated by each company. While the book does not cover the full range of vessel types in each category, it does describe some of the most common types. In the case of hydrofoils, the Supramar PT20, Rodriquez RHS70, RHS140, RHS160, RHS160F and RHS200 as well as the Boeing (Kawasaki) Jetfoil are featured.

Du Cane, Peter High-Speed Small Craft , David and Charles (Holdings) Limited, Devon, 1974, Fourth Edition, Chapter 3, pp 12-54, Eames, M.C., "Principles of Hydrofoils." This chapter of Peter Du Cane's book was written by a man who really understood hydrofoil design as he was deeply involved in the Canadian naval hydrofoil project which led to the construction of FHE-400 BRAS d'OR. Michael Eames has presented his notes in a way that can be digested with relative ease. The book contains 465 pages and covers types and principles of hydrofoils, hovercraft, seaworthiness, maneuverability, design process, materials, structures, machinery, transmission, reverse gear, cruising engines, steering gear, and more.

Tse, Kevin, High Speed Passenger Ferries of Hong Kong & Pearl River Delta,  Soft Republic Ltd, Kowloon, Hong Kong, 2003, 144 pages, Language: Chinese (Traditional) ISBN: 962-86997-1-7, Suggested Price: HKD 158. Since the 1960s, high speed passenger ferries have become an important means of transport for commuters traveling among Hong Kong, Macau, and the various river ports of the Pearl River Delta. After decades of development, the region has become the world's busiest high speed ferry market, hosting 15% of the total world fleet. This is the first full color reference book on the topic, featuring over 200 photos and coming with a large amount of vessel information and specification drawings from operators in the region and shipbuilders around the world. As of Aug 03, this volume is available in major bookshops in Hong Kong, but not yet listed with any online stores. If anyone outside Hong Kong is interested in obtaining a copy, contact the author by email; he can arrange to mail copies overseas.

Fock, Harald, Fast Fighting Boats, 1870 to 1945, Their Design, Construction, and Use, first English edition, 1978 (originally in German 1973), Naval Institute Press, Maryland USA, 304 pages with black and white photos, illustrations and text, Organized into four main sections: Part l. surveys the early attemps to build small offensive boats carrying torpedoes and traces the influence of racing motor boats on hull shape and engine design. Part 2. development of faster boats, the Thornycroft CMB's, and developments in the Italian navy, German, Austro-Hungary and Russia. Part 3. period between the wars, high powered desil engines, Britian hull design, motors of the American Packard Company. Part 4 covers the war years and traces the development of the British Motor Gun Boat, the German heavier and more powerful boats with longer ranges, hydrofoils, one man torpedo carriers, smaller fast torpedo boats, torpedo boat carriers. much of this material has never before been published and shows the ingenuity of German designers of the time in their efforts to beat the formidable British MGBs.

Marriott, Peter; The All Colour Book of Super Machines. Published by Golden Press Pty Ltd, Australia, 1986. ISBN 0 7302 0342 5. This 112 page book aimed at children contains seven chapters dealing with land machines, railways, space etc. As part of the 'sea machines' chapter, there is a two page section addressing hydrofoils. That section as well as the cover includes a photo of the Boeing Jetfoil HMS SPEEDY and a colour photo of a Jetfoil operated by Island Jetfoil is also included along with illustrations of the different hydrofoil configurations. The section on hydrofoils has a concluding remark: "It is now thought that hydrofoils the size of destroyers can soon be built, using some of the existing designs".

Hammitt, Andrew, Technical Yacht Design, published by Adlard Coles Ltd, England.241 pages, illustrated with drawings and diagrams throughout.Chapters include Design of a Hull, Ocean Waves, Seakeeping, Hydrodynamic resistance, Hydrofoils , Sailboat performance, Directional Control of a Sailboat, High Speed Sailboat, Marine Engines, Propulsive devices etc.

Marchaj, Czeslaw A.,  Sailing Theory and Practice, Published by Dodd, Mead and Company Inc., New York. Translated from Polish by L. Rusiecki. 1982 (New and Revised Second Edition). ISBN 0-396-08428-1. A scientific analysis of the aerodynamics, hydrodynamics and other design factors which define a yacht's behavior. This book of 460 pages (including 335 drawings and photographs) allocates only about four pages to hydrofoil sailing craft. As far as hydrofoil sailboat experimenters would be concerned, it is the detail in which other aspects of sailboat hydrodynamics and aerodynamics are covered that would be of most interest.

Marchaj, C. A., Aero-Hydrodynamics of Sailing, Dodd, Mead and Company, 1980, 701 pages. Description: "This sequel to the author's classic Sailing Theory and Practice is an in-depth study of the forces acting on a sailing yacht. For twenty years since publication of his first book, Marchaj has researched and analyzed problems that have developed in this field and has now set them down in this technical, highly illustrated and very authoritative volume. Examined here are the fundamental factors governing a hull's behavior, the principles of aero and hydrodynamics, and details of new research into the behavior of sails." The major headings: Fundamental factors governing yacht performance; Basic principles of aero-hydrodynamics: aerofoil and hydrofoil action; Research on sails: practical implications; Appendices; Index

Gougeon, Meade & Ty Knoy, The Evolution of Modern Sailboat Design. Illustrations (drawings and diagrams) by Leon C. Stecker, hardback, 177 pages, Winchester Press, 1973, also, Sailboat Design: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow by Meade Gougeon & Tryus Knoy, NY: Collier Books, 1973. "Here is the book to satisfy the average sailor's intelligent curiosity; a readable and entertaining explanation of the evolution of hulls and rigging from the earliest Egyptian square riggers to the latest innovations in multihulls and ultralight construction; aerodynamics and hydrodynamics as they apply to sailboats; the mechanical principles of center of gravity, center of balance, center of effort, and the way these principles affect sailboat performance; the theory behind movable masts, wing masts, and other modern developments -- in short, here are clear, fully illustrated answers to the technical questions of the sailor who doesn't want to build a boat, but wants to know why boats are designed and built the way they are." [flyleaf] Contents: 1. Early Developments in Rigs and Hulls; 2. Less Weight and More Speed; 3. Sailboats for Pleasure; 4. Small Boats and New Ideas; 5. Design by the Rules; 6. Iceboat Design ; 7. Rigs for Outracing the Wind; 8. Aerodynamics and Draft Control ; 9. Catamarans and Trimarans; 10. Real Wind and Apparent Wind; 11. Hydrofoils; 12. Modern Keelboats... and Some Speculation; 13. Suggested Reading; 14. Index. Meade Gougeon was a designer and professional builder of boats. He won the North American Multihull Championship in 1969 with his Class C Trimaran Victor T. Meade and his brothers also built iceboats. Tyrus Knoy was a pleasure sailor, journalist, and freelance writer.

Smith, Bernard, The 40 Knot Sailboat, Grosset & Dunlap, Inc., Publishers, New York NY, 1963, 140 pp, 52 illustrations. Library of Congress No. 63-18980. "Definition of Aerohydrofoil: Stated in the simplest possible terms, the machine for deriving the ultimate in sailing speed consists of two vertical wings, an inverted one in the water joined to an erect one in the air. When coupled in this way the assembly may be likened to a sailboat that has a sail and a centerboard, but no hull; except that the sail is no longer a sail but an airfoil, and the centerboard no longer a centerboard but a hydrofoil. In fact it is no longer a traditional sailboat and therefore has been renamed an areohydrofoil." The book is in three parts, (1) History of the Sailboat Problem, (2) History of the Aerohydrofoil (inventions at China Lake, Newport, and Washington), (3) Technical Summary.

Pelly, David, Faster! Faster! The Quest For Sailing Speed, Hearst Marine Books, New York, 1984. "The author traces the history of speed under sail through the ages before looking in detail at the various specialized speed-sailing craft." Contents: What has been achieved; Who has sailed the fastest; Which designs have worked, and which have not; Speed in the great races of history; The story behind the speed trials; The onslaught of multi-hulls; Hydrofoil record breakers; Flying surfboards; CROSSBOW, the first great speed machine; History of world sailing; Speed records.

Alexander, Alan J., James L. Grogono, and Donald J. Nigg; Hydrofoil Sailing; Juanita Kalerghi, London, Publisher of Hovering Craft and Hydrofoil, The Curwen Press, Plaistow, London, 1972, ISBN 0 903238 00 4. Covers the full range of design considerations for hydrofoil sailboats in an easy-to-read format. "The authors have pooled their technical knowledge to provide details of the relevant theory and then shown how to put this theory into practice. They have contacted all those active in the field and received detailed accounts from most. The book emphasizes the 'mainstream' of successful foil sailing, but also includes accounts of unusual developments." Contents: 1. Why Hydrofoils?; 2. Fully Submerged Hydrofoils; 3. Surface-Piercing Hydrofoils; 4. Roll and Yaw Stability; 5. Vertical and Pitching Stability; 6. Practical Foil Design; 7. Canard Configuration; 8. Catamaran Configuration; 9. Aeroplane and Asymmetric Configurations. Includes a Selected Bibliography and References, also good photos and info for those interested in Gordon Baker's sailing hydrofoil MONITOR.

Norwood, Joseph Jr., PhD, High Speed Sailing - Design Factors - A Study of High-Performance Multihull Yacht Design, Dodd, Mead & Co., New York, 1979, 135 pages. "Small inshore foil-borne sailing boats and multihulls have developed rapidly, and the technology is now being extended to ocean going craft. The author examines the question of foils, hulls and rigs for larger vessels, discusses safety and seakeeping, hull resistance, materials, leeboards, self steering without vane gear, and performance prediction. There are final chapters on multihulls, proas and specific recommendations. The resurgence of commercial sail gives added interest to this book, which represents a technical and scientific consideration of the design of high performance sailing craft of all sizes. It is an important addition to the bibliography of high speed sailing, whether for record, pleasure or commercial purposes." Chapters include: The Physics of Fast Sailing; Hulls and Outriggers; Structural Design; Sails and Lateral Stability; Lateral Plane and Rudders; Hydrofoil Applications; Safety and Seakeeping; Performance Prediction; Catamarans; Trimarans; Proas; There are four appendices and an index.

Sailing Hydrofoils, AYRS Publication No. 74. October 1970. Published for the Amateur Yacht Research Society by John Morwood, Hythe, England. This 288 page book of approximately A5 size and in softback format covers a large range of sailing hydrofoil designs and related concepts and includes numerous black and white photos, arrangement drawings, sketches and graphs. The cover illustration is of Dave Keiper's WILLIWAW. As indicated in the editorial of the book: "In 1955, when AYRS was formed, the members were given a challenge. They were told that people had sailed their boats off the water, being lifted by underwater "wings", called "hydrofoils". We showed them photographs of the Baker hydrofoils "flying". We also told them that it was possible to stabilise a single, narrow hull with hydrofoils and again showed photographs. This book shows how our ingenious members took up this challenge..."

AYRS publishes 2-4 cutting edge yachting and boating technology booklets/year, covering subjects as diverse as hydrofoils and offshore junk rigs, wind vanes and winged keels. A searchable index of past AYRS publications (compiled by Fiona Sinclair), along with instructions for how to obtain copies, can be found from the AYRS website. Additionally, you  can Click Here to view an index of hydrofoil topics. Each listing in this index cites the issue number, page number(s) and author(s) for the article addressing the topic.

Keiper, David A., Hydrofoil Voyager, Hinsdale Press. This is how David Keiper designed and built the 31'4" sailing yacht WILLIWAW, then logged almost 20,000 miles of cruising around the Pacific to test and fine tune the design. You'll never get closer to boat building, open-ocean sailing, and hydrofoiling without actually doing it yourself. Keiper tells his own story, and the precision of his telling — he seems to recall every wave, squall, and leak — pulls you into the adventure with him. Read, and you are there, thrilled as the hull surges up to sprint on its foils; impatient as the sea goes flat in a dying wind; inventive as some new crisis presents itself for a solution hundreds of miles from land. Dave Keiper died of a heart attack on 27 Jun 98 at the age of 67. His book is currently out of print. If you are interested in a reprint or a scanned electronic version being made available, contact Frank Keiper; 1398 Thunderbird Ave.; Sunnyvale CA 94087; phone: 408-247-2481; email:; website: To read the review of this book from the IHS newsletter, Click Here.

Lien, Neil C., MONITOR Hydrofoil Sailboat, Design in Review, soft-cover, self-published 2004. The book details hydrofoil design developments of the Baker Manufacturing Company, with a focus on the MONITOR, developed with US Navy backing, one of the earliest successful sailing hydrofoil designs. The book also covers the earlier developmental towed hydrofoil boat, hydrofoil runabout, and smaller scale 16-foot hydrofoil sailboat built by the company. The 61 page soft cover book includes 19 drawings and sketches of various elements of the MONITOR design covering the foils, hull, sail and control arrangements. Also contained in the book are 25 photos of MONITOR and other Baker hydrofoil craft. The back cover features a screen shot from a simulation by Hanno Smits. Intro: “When sailing ‘E’ Scows on Lake Mendota, Gordon Baker conceived the idea of putting hydrofoils on a sailboat to drastically increase speed by lifting the hull above the water. When he returned in 1938 to Baker Manufacturing Company in Evansville, WI after a stint of 10 years at Westinghouse Research Laboratories, he instigated a program for his engineering department to research and design such a boat.” MONITOR was first sailed on 24 Aug 55 on Lake Mendota, Madison, WI, and a pace boat clocked her at 25 knots. In October of the following year she was paced at 30.4 knots. It was reported that MONITOR attained speed to true wind speed ratios of just over 2.0, and at times unofficial boat speed measurements close to 40 knots were observed. U.S. Navy backing of MONITOR was motivated by its objective to learn more about the foil structural characteristics and construction methods used by Baker. After Neil re-discovered the craft in a deteriorated condition when he returned to Baker Manufacturing Co. in 1974, he and others in the company restored the craft. Today, MONITOR is on display at the Mariner’s Museum “Small Boat Exhibits” outbuilding in Newport News, VA.

Grogano, James, ICARUS, the Boat That Flies, Adlard Coles Ltd London,1987, pp128, ISBN 0-229-11803-8. About the 10 year success story of the sailing hydrofoil catamaran ICARUS, holder of the B Class World Speed Record, including hydrofoil designs and principles from ocean going boats to hydrofoil sailboards. It is also the story of the man behind ICARUS and how he developed this amazing yacht over 30 years."

Abbott, Allan V. and David Gordon Wilson, Human-Powered Vehicles. According to Ron Drynan, "This book has a very detailed chapter on human powered hydrofoil boats, written by Dr. Allan Abbott, co-builder of the FLYING FISH series of boats.  You will find just about all the calculations needed for human-powered hydrofoils in this book." Editorial Review From Book News, Inc.: "From the earliest representations of paddle boats to technical drawings of the latest version of the Gossamer aircraft, a comprehensive reference to on human-powered vehicles, focusing mostly on the advances in the past few years. Sections cover the biomechanics of the human body and its application to machines, watercraft, land vehicles, aircraft, and the economic and technological potential. Highly illustrated with black and white photographs, drawings, reproductions, diagrams, and graphs." Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or. This book can be ordered through

Musciano, Walter A, Building and Operating Model Ships, Funk & Wagnalls Co., 1965, 189 pgs. also, Robert Hale & Co., approx 1970. This book presents a comprehensive description of all phases of model ship construction and operation. Regardless of age anyone can learn and enjoy ship modeling by following the clear instructions. Models covered are an excursion steamer a 1970s trainship, a hydrofoil speedboat, diving submarines, a river tugboat and barge, and a radio-controlled model of the atomic liner SAVANNAH. Special care was taken to avoid the need for intricate machine tools and only a few simple hand tools are required.

Walters, Eric, The Hydrofoil Mystery, Puffin Books, Penguin Group, Toronto, Ontario Canada, 2000, ISBN 0-14-130220-8, pp 211. Youth fiction. "It is 1915, and Canada is embroiled in the First World War. The East Coast is under threat from German U-boats that are sinking ships and endangering coastal towns. It all seems very far away from the life of fifteen-year-old William McCracken -- a Halifax lad who has developed a taste for gambling and tough ways. William thinks he has a summer of mischief ahead of him until he discovers that his mother has arranged for him to spend the season working with and inventor by the name of Alexander Graham Bell. In a Nova Scotia outport, Bell and his crew are at work on his latest invention -- a hydrofoil boat that will help the Allies defend the coast from the German danger. But there's a deadly menace hovering over the projects and, suddenly, William finds his 'boring' summer job transformed into an action-packed race to solve a terrifying mystery."

Dixon, Franklin W., and George Wilson, Mystery of the Flying Express, ISBN: 0448089203, Grosset & Dunlap, 1970, original publication date: 01/01/1941, Pages: 180, boys' fiction. After the new hydrofoil they are guarding is stolen, the Hardy Boys face frequent danger in solving a mystery involving criminals who operate by signs of the zodiac. A sleek new hydrofoil is scheduled to start ferrying passengers between Bayport and Cape Cutlass. But business enemies of the hydrofoil owner have stirred up a hornet's nest of violent opposition among small boat owners. Fearing sabotage, he begs Frank and Joe Hardy to guard the Flying Express on her maiden trip. Startling developments plunge the teenage-detectives into a dangerous chase by sea, air, and land in pursuit of a gang of hardened criminals who operate by the signs of the Zodiac. The Hardys' close pal Chet Morton tries to help them by using his newly acquired knowledge of astrology. Tension mounts when the Flying Express vanishes - and so does Sam Radley, Mr. Hardy's skilled operative. Has Radley been kidnapped? Is he a prisoner aboard the stolen hydrofoil? Peril stalks Frank and Joe's every move as they hunt down the terrifying gang leader Zodiac Zig and his vicious henchmen. Frank Hardy, the older brother, briefly rehearses the history and physics of hydrofoil travel (invented by Enrico Forlanini in 1906). On the path of the saboteurs, the boys and their allies use their own fancy motorboat, their chum's old jalopy, a rented four-seat airplane which Frank pilots, and a rented motorcycle. Perhaps significantly, one of the opponents drives a foreign sports car. As with other books in the Hardy Boy series, close calls and minor mishaps punctuate the chase.

Dixon, Franklin W., A Figure in Hiding, series number 16, which finds the Hardy boys in another exciting story, this time solving the theft of a valuable oriental idol, involved with a fabulous hydrofoil speedboat, and solving the disappearance of a prime suspect .

Knox, Bill, Blueback, A Webb Carrick Mystery, Published for The Crime Club in 1969 by Doubleday & Co., New York. Hardcover, 176 pages. A mystery story involving the sinking of a fishing vessel off the Brannan Islands and the subsequent murder of its survivors. Chief Officer Carrick finds himself involved with a pretty woman, prawn poachers, moonshiners, a strange hydrofoil boat, and a very deliberate killer.

Preston, Anthony, Strike Craft, Bison Books LTD Greenwich CT, 1982, Chapter 6 "Hovercraft and Hydrofoils," pp 48-63. "The fast moving story of strike craft is written by the outstanding British naval historian Anthony Preston. His lively text is enhanced by many color and black-and-white illustrations. Preston is regarded as one of the world's leading authorities on navies, ships, and war at sea."

McLeavy, Roy, Naval Fast Strike Craft And Patrol Boats, Blandford Press Ltd., Poole, Dorset. 1979, 176 pages with about 65 pages of Color illustrations. Book measures 7-3/4 inches (19.7 cm) high by 5-1/4 inches (13.5 cm) wide. Text from the dust jacket: "At no time in history have the navies of the world had so varied an assortment of warships and weapons at their disposal. Not only are today's warships more powerful, faster and more seaworthy than in the past, but the weight of their offensive fire-power has increased to such an extent that they bear scant resemblance to their predecessors. Fast strike craft pack a weapon which has revolutionized naval warfare -- the anti-ship missile. These vessels can launch these highly lethal weapons at a distance of up to fifty miles from their quarry, then turn and escape at 40 knots or more while the missiles are still hurtling towards the target at wave-top height, just below the speed of sound. For the first time in naval conflict one of the smallest surface combatants can engage with the largest fleet units on almost equal terms. Fast strike craft also enable the smallest nations to threaten the sea communications of the major powers at relatively low cost. Fast Strike Craft and Patrol Boats examines a wide range of small warships -- missile craft, fast patrol boats, torpedo-boats and fast gunboats -- either in or about to enter service with the world's navies. This book provides both a recognition guide and the essential technical detail on these vessels and includes information on their powerplants, defensive weapons, surface-to-surface missiles and their guidance systems. Roy McLeavy is editor and compiler of Jane's Surface Skimmers. A technical and marketing consultant for Air Cushion Vehicle (ACV) and hydrofoil projects, he is also the author of several books on aviation and kindred subjects. "

Ross, Al, "Air Ships For Early Warning," Warship 1989, Vol. VIII, editor Robert Gardiner, ISBN 0-85177-530-6. Warship is an annual publication devoted to the design, development and service history of the world's combat ships. The contributors are well-known authorities and so detailed and accurate information is the keynote of all the articles - fully supported by plans, tables and photographs.

Brown, D.K., "Historic Hydrofoils of the Royal Navy," Warship 1980, Vol. IV, contains issues 13 - 16, Naval Institute Press and Conway Maritime Press. 5- page article with six photos and one diagram. Two of the photographs are old. One shows a experimental hydrofoil from the Italian army built in 1906 and the other older picture shows a British hydrofoil from 1939. The rest of the pictures are from the late 1970s.

Duff, CAPT Karl M., Still Master of the Sea, Vantage Press, 1989, soft cover, 152 pages. This is Capt. Karl M. Duff's own story of his personal relation with God and of his heroic struggle to overcome the unexpected disasters that threatened the Navy's first production hydrofoil leadship project, USS PEGASUS (PHM-1), and of the invisible hand that guided and supported that effort! Includes 23 chapters. Also includes several black-and-white photos!

More Book Titles (No Photo Available)...

  1. Lehburger, Egon, Hovercraft and Hydrofoils Work Like This, 1970, J. M. DENT, London, 62 pages indexed, 53 line drawings by Charles Green. The story of the hydrofoil (which started before the first aeroplane flew). Reprinted in 1972. ISBN: 0460064169
  2. Yevtikheyev, G. V. and Tarasyuk, N. V., Russia's River Shipping, Moscow: Rosrechflot, (1991) Large 4to. (11.5 by 10.5 inches) 144 Pages text entirely in English, color photographs illustrating every page. Folding map with overlay in center of book. Rosrechflot is the Central Bureau of Scientific and Technical Information of the Russia's State River Fleet. The book discusses and illustrates the earliest vessels to today's hydrofoils with illustrations and background information. Partial contents include the first Slavic Ships, Ladya type boats, Flat-Bottomed boat development, The First Boats of the "barka" type, Shipbuilding on the Volga during the reign of Catherine the Great, "cabestans" = Steamboats of the middle 19th century, "Touer", Passenger fleets, Shipping Companies, First river school on the Volga, Inland waterways of Russia from the old time to the present century, Moscow, Along the Volga, Along the Don River, the Oka River, The Belaya and Kama Rivers, Across Karelia, the Onega, Along the Svir River, The Ladoga Lake, Leningrad, Along tne Severnaya Dvina, Along the Ob and Irtysh Rivers, ALong the Yehisey River, Along the Baikal, Along the Lena River, Along the Amur River, Passenger displacement ships and hovercrafts and hydrofoils.
  3. Praeger, R. Thurelsen, The Grumman Story, 1976, 401pp -- The story of Leroy Grumman and his aircraft company, which started in 1930 with only 21 employees. Photos, facts & figures on all Grumman aircraft, hydrofoils, and the lunar module.
  4. Serling, Robert J., Legend and Legacy, the Story of Boeing and Its People, St. Martin's Press, 1992, 480 pages with more than 2 dozen photos
  5. Watts, Anthony J., Fast Attack Craft, Arms & Armour Press, London 1992. Measures 9 1/2" x 7 1/2". Softcover. Unpaginated. Colour photographs plus numerous black & white photographs and illustrations. Written and pictorial history of the Fast Attack Craft developed after World War Two. Nice photographic examples of craft from U.S.S.R, Britain, United States, Italy, Greek, Norway, Sweden, Germany, South Africa, and Egypt. Includes nice photo of USS AQUILA PHM 4 in flight, followed by a Commercial Jetfoil passenger hydrofoil, also manufactured by Boeing.
  6. Breyer, Sigfried and Norman Polmar, Guide to the Soviet Navy, 2nd ed., Naval Institute Press, Annapolis MD 1977, second printing 1982, ISBN 0-87021-238-9, 610 pages. The first edition (1970) was an updated and expanded translation of Die Seerüstung der Sowjetunion (1964) by J. F. Lehmanns Verlag, Munich. See page 248 for information on the Pchela class, the Soviet Navy's first sea-going hydrofoil patrol boat (first of 20 boats completed in 1966).
  7. Mead, Tom, Manly Ferries of Sydney Harbour -- The Seven Mile Ships, 1988, Child Associates of NSW, Australia. The 182 pages tell of the early paddlewheeler days of the ferries; the era of the Port Jackson and Manly Steamship Company, that bought the DEE WHY, CURL CURL, and SOUTH STEYNE; the decline of the ferries; their recent return to popularity; and the hydrofoils now in use. But this is also a human story, as it relates the dramatic events that happened to the ships and the men who manned them Throughout, there are paintings of the ferries by John Allcot and Fred Elliott, and also a selection of black and white photographs depicting all sides of ferry travel to and from Manly since the beginning of the Tourist Trade.
  8. Baker, J.G., The Flying Sailboat published by Office of Naval Research, Dept. of the Navy (1957) (no details available)
  9. We need more references... can YOU suggest any? Can you provide a scan of the cover and an abstract or brief description? Thanks!
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